Gentlemen`s Agreement and Chinese Exclusion Act

As a professional, it is important to understand the historical context behind the “gentlemen`s agreement” and Chinese Exclusion Act.

The gentlemen`s agreement was a diplomatic understanding reached between the United States and Japan in 1907. The agreement stated that the U.S. would not impose any further restrictions on Japanese immigration, and in return, Japan would not issue any new passports to Japanese citizens seeking to immigrate to the U.S. This agreement effectively limited Japanese immigration to the U.S.

However, in 1882, the U.S. had already passed the Chinese Exclusion Act, which prohibited Chinese laborers from immigrating to the U.S. and prevented Chinese immigrants from becoming naturalized citizens. The act was a result of anti-Chinese sentiment and racist attitudes towards Chinese immigrants in the U.S.

The Chinese Exclusion Act and the gentlemen`s agreement both reflect the discriminatory and xenophobic attitudes towards immigrants in the U.S. during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

The Chinese Exclusion Act was not repealed until 1943, and the gentlemen`s agreement was effectively ended with the Immigration Act of 1924, which established immigration quotas based on nationality.

Understanding the historical context behind these two policies is important in acknowledging the systemic racism and discrimination towards Asian immigrants in U.S. history. It is essential to recognize and learn from these past injustices in order to create a more equitable and inclusive society for all.