The history of United States and Soviet Union relations is a long and complicated one. However, one of the most significant moments in this relationship was the agreement that was reached between the two nations at the end of the Cold War. This agreement, also known as the START Treaty, was a landmark agreement that helped to reduce nuclear arms between the two superpowers.
The Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) was signed on July 31, 1991, by United States President George H.W. Bush and Soviet Union President Mikhail Gorbachev. The treaty was negotiated over several years and was aimed at reducing nuclear weapon stockpiles and missile launchers. The treaty was also aimed at increasing transparency between the two nations and promoting mutual cooperation in the disarmament process.
The START Treaty was a significant achievement in arms reduction for both the United States and the Soviet Union. The treaty required each nation to reduce its nuclear arsenal by roughly one-third, reducing the total number of deployed warheads from around 11,000 to around 7,000. The treaty also required each nation to reduce its number of missile launchers by half.
The treaty also established a monitoring system to ensure compliance with the treaty`s provisions. This system included on-site inspections of facilities and regular exchanges of information on nuclear forces and facilities.
The START Treaty was an important moment in the history of the United States and Soviet Union relations. It helped to reduce the risk of nuclear war and increased transparency and cooperation between the two superpowers. The treaty was a significant step forward in the process of arms reduction and paved the way for further negotiations and agreements between the two nations.
In conclusion, the agreement reached between the United States and the Soviet Union, known as the START Treaty, was a landmark moment in the history of arms control and disarmament. The treaty required both nations to reduce their nuclear stockpiles and missile launchers, and established a monitoring system to ensure compliance with the treaty`s provisions. The START Treaty helped to reduce the risk of nuclear war and increased transparency and cooperation between the two superpowers, paving the way for further negotiations and agreements between the United States and the Soviet Union.